Usually we want to define the boundaries of the terrain in some way, which we own. We can surround it with a fence or a wall, often, however, the cheapest, the most practical and attractive fence turns out to be a hedge. Its function is not limited only to marking the outer boundaries of the garden. We can also successfully use green partitions within it, because even in a small garden, we often want to separate smaller spaces. Plants intended for a hedge must be resistant to pruning and tolerate good proximity to other plants. There are many species, that meet these criteria. To choose the right one, first we need to define, what functions is a hedge to perform in our garden.
In gardens that are particularly exposed to strong gusts of wind, a cover is necessary, which will enable the proper development and growth of young plants. The role of such a cover is perfectly fulfilled by a hedge made of resistant plants. Filters out gusts, significantly weakening their destructive effect. Full partitions in the form of walls and fences cause turbulence. Wind, encountering them, at some distance it changes direction, and then strikes the plants a little further away with all its power. If the fences are large, picket or plaited fences will be better, which, as covers, have a similar effect as a hedge. In exceptionally windy gardens for the first two, three years, before the plants take root well, and their aerial parts will become more durable, the hedge itself may require cover. Salty cold winds, carrying sand in addition, they destroy the buds and young shoots. The trees and shrubs by the sea seem to tilt towards the land. This is why, that the wind blowing from the sea significantly limits the development of the crown from the windward side. If our garden is in a windy place, we choose plants that produce mate leaves for the hedge, more resistant to wind damage, or shiny, through the surface of which plants evaporate less water.
Some hedge species are more resistant to harsh conditions than others, e.g.. hornbeam is stronger than beech, and among conifers, the giant thuja is a species particularly resistant to cold winds (Thuja plicata).
Natural unformed hedges, made of several plant species, they provide an excellent shield against the wind. Such hedges are typical of rural areas, although in some cases they also look great in city gardens. Many species of birds both find refuge there, as well as food. The mixed composition of natural hedges consists mainly of hawthorn, tarnina, clone, ostrokrzew, grab i buk. We can successfully add elderberry and ash to them, and after a few years also wild rose and Pomeranian honeysuckle.
Coastal conditions for hedge plants are particularly difficult. Suitable plant species are for such sites: Japanese evergreen euonymus (Euonymus japonicus), aromatic escalonia (Escallonia rubra var. macrantha) with beautiful red flowers and French tamarisk (Tamarix gallica), which in summer is covered with carmine pink clusters. Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) is a plant characteristic of coastal regions. It looks very natural in the gardens located near the sea. It has lanceolate gray-green leaves, which take on a silvery color on the underside. It is a dioecious plant. If individuals producing male and female flowers are growing side by side, the sea buckthorn is covered with aromatic orange fruits. Wolfberry is also suitable for hedges in coastal areas (buckthorn is rude), which blooms with delicate purple flowers in spring. Its undoubted decoration is red berries.