The choice of plants for the garden.
If we plant healthy plants in the garden, it's very possible, that we will not have any problems with them for many years. Many diseases and pests would probably not appear in our gardens, if we had not introduced them ourselves on the purchased plants or their substrate.
Therefore, we should attach great importance to the place where we obtain the plants. Even if it costs us a bit more, it is worth stocking up on specialized garden nurseries, which offer us a very wide selection of healthier and better quality plants than these, which we can buy "occasionally" at the stalls (which does not of course, that good plants cannot be purchased there either).
Plants obtained from seeds are almost always cheaper than cuttings. They are also usually disease free, though sometimes they turn out to be too vital – they spread out in no time, becoming a nuisance in the garden. Propagating your own plants by cuttings is also a relatively cheap way to expand your collection, but there are also specific problems with this, especially for blackcurrants and raspberries. Let's remember, never to reproduce the plant, that looks weak or ill! Plants given as gifts by other gardeners are usually the most problematic, who should know, that you shouldn't do that.
What to look for.
Once we decide to buy a specific plant, it is worth paying attention to possible certificates, e.g.. strawberries with a confirmation certificate, that the plants are virus-free, will certainly be more expensive than strawberries without a certificate. We can expect it, that, at least in the first period, they will bear fruit better. Plants grown in sterile medium under cover can be free from many diseases and pests in the soil. Let's be especially careful, introducing into the garden cabbage grown in the ground, e.g.. lefty, because they can transmit fungi that cause cabbage syphilis. These plants should only be purchased then, when grown in sterile medium!
Purchase of healthy plants – tips.
Before we buy a specific plant, let's take the time, to be sure, that she is healthy. First of all, let's take a closer look at it. Does it have many buds, leaves or young, well-developing shoots? if not, you'd better look for a different one. Also, do not underestimate the symptoms, which allow to suppose, that buying a plant will only mean trouble.
1.We check, whether the plant has any damage or symptoms of disease. A plant with split shoots is more prone to infection. Let's also pay attention to the presence of aphids, bugs and spider mites. If the spider mites have already formed a spider web between the leaves and the stem, we better abandon the plans to buy such a plant.
2. Drying leaves or any type of discoloration on them are certainly not a sign of good condition; similarly holes, especially at the edges of the leaves, which indicate the presence of the strawberry moth.
3. If the plant is in a container, we slide it out of it and examine the root ball carefully. Roots that are dead or thickly twisted around the lump do not bode well.
4. Note the presence of possible larvae and weeds, moss and liverworts on the top layer of the substrate. Such signs testify to this, that the plant has been in the container for a very long time.
5. Let us not be seduced by plants densely covered with flowers. They certainly look cute, however, we will enjoy their appearance for less than in the case of plants purchased with buds, which will gradually bloom.
Any damage caused by drought or flooding will completely disqualify the plant.