A SHARPED FIRL (LYCHNIS FLOS-CUCULI L.)
Family: clove family (Caryophyllaceae)
Firlette is a perennial, reaching 30-90 cm in height. Its straight and branchy stem, longitudinally grooved on the surface, it is covered with short ones, back bent and stiff bristles. It is green, sometimes she ran red, at the knots it thickened a bit. The leaves are rough, facing each other, longitudinally vane-shaped lower, tapering into a short tail, upper sitting, narrow lanceolate.
The flowers are gathered in a fairly loose apical inflorescence. They are big, colorful, set on short stalks. The green or reddish colored calyx is bell-shaped and consists of 5 frayed palmate petals 4 narrow patches and tapering into a long nail. In this place, where the lamina of the petal changes into the nail, there is a lingual formation called a cap. The petals are beautiful, pink-red color; sometimes pale pink or completely white flowers are found. Stamens in number 10 are arranged in 2 whorls; 5 stamens 1 the whorl has threads longer than the nail of the crown, while 5 stamens 2 the whorl has almost shorter threads
by half, however, they usually grow up to. previous sizes. There is one post, bear 5 necks. Usually the stamens mature first, and only then the post, which prevents self-pollination. The flowers of the firletka are pollinated by butterflies, which find nectar at the bottom of the flower.
The fruit is an ovoid bag that tapers upward and opens 5 cloves. It is usually surrounded by the calyx remaining after fading. Numerous seeds are brown in color, and their surface is covered with thorny warts.
Firlette torn during flowering (May, June) it is a real decoration of our meadows. It occurs throughout the territory of Poland (in the mountains to the lower regiel) on wet meadows or flooded in spring, among the bushes and by the water's edge. It grows almost all over Europe, in Siberia and the Caucasus. It was brought to the continent of North America.